What are Florida's Requirements for Driving a Moped, Scooter or Similar Vehicle?

Published June 3, 2019 by Englander Peebles
What are Florida’s Requirements for Driving a Moped, Scooter or Similar Vehicle?

The Florida requirements for driving a moped, scooter or other two- or three-wheeled vehicle depends on how the vehicle is classified. Here, we provide an overview of those different requirements. You should pay close attention to them and make sure to comply with the rules that apply to your vehicle.

Moped Requirements in Florida

Under 316.003(77), Fla. Stat., a moped is defined as a vehicle with no more than three wheels and a saddle. It may have no more than two-brake horsepower. Its top speed may not exceed 30 miles per hour. The internal combustion engine may have a displacement of not more than 50cc.

Moped operators must meet license and registration requirements to operate on a public street. A moped operator must have a general operator?s license, or the operator can have a special license that allows him or her to operate only a moped. Only people ages 16 and older can get a moped operator’s license in Florida. With a valid operator?s license and a registered moped, you can legally operate a moped in the State of Florida.

Adult moped operators and passengers don?t have to wear helmets under Florida law. However, passengers under age 16 must wear a helmet at all times. Moped drivers may not travel on interstate highways because of minimum speed laws. They also may not travel between traffic lanes. If a moped driver travels below the flow of traffic, the driver must hug the right-hand shoulder unless he or she is turning left. It is illegal to operate a moped on a bike path or in a bike lane.

Finally, you don?t need insurance in order to lawfully operate a moped in Florida. However, if you are a moped driver, you may be personally liable for damages if you cause a crash. So, it is always a good idea to carry insurance if you plan to drive a moped anywhere in Florida ? even if the law does not require it.

What are Scooter Requirements in Florida

The laws for scooter operation in Florida depend on the specifications of the scooter. A scooter that has a seat or saddle and not more than three wheels is considered a motor scooter. Motor scooters are street legal and can be operated on roads as long as you obtain a title and registration, and you attach a license plate to the scooter. However, you may not operate your motor scooter on a highway.

The operator of a motor scooter must meet all of the same requirements that apply to motorcycle operation. These requirements include having a motorcycle endorsement or a motorcycle-only license. Operators must be at least 16 years old. All operators must complete a Basic Rider Course that covers motorcycle safety topics.

Florida motorcycle insurance laws are complex. Although motorcyclists don?t have to purchase insurance, they may be personally liable for damages if they cause an accident. Most drivers meet this requirement by purchasing insurance that covers their passenger vehicle and their scooter. If you operate a scooter that falls under the definition of a motorcycle, accident liability rules and insurance requirements for motorcycles apply to you.

Stand-up scooters are subject to different laws than these motor scooters in Florida. A vehicle is considered a stand-up scooter if it has three wheels or less, cannot exceed 30 mph, and it has no place for the operator to sit. These vehicles are not considered street-legal. So, you may not ride them on roads or sidewalks. It does not need to be registered, and helmets are not required. However, operators must still be age 16 or older. Also, a rider must have a valid license.

Motorized Bike Requirements

A motorized bike in Florida is considered a bicycle under 316.003(4), Fla. Stat. The law defines a bicycle as any vehicle that moves by human power or a combination of human and electric power. It may travel no more than 20 miles per hour. A motorized bike does not require a license or registration for lawful operation in Florida. Only bicycles with electric motors are legal in Florida. A bicycle with a gas motor is not legal for operation. Motorized bicycles may not be ridden on roads or sidewalks unless they meet the requirements of a moped.

Other Motorized Vehicle Requirements

Other motorized vehicles include motorcycles, dirt bikes, motorized skateboards, mini motorcycles and more. The laws pertaining to these vehicles vary depending on their exact specifications. If a vehicle has two or three wheels, a seat and an engine of 51cc or more, it is considered a motorcycle. It will be street legal as long as the vehicle is registered, and you are licensed operator. Mini-motorcycles and pocket bikes are generally considered to be street legal as long as the vehicle is registered, and you are licensed. Other motorized vehicles are generally not considered street legal.

Get Help from Our Florida Moped Accident Lawyers

If you are hurt in a moped accident in Florida that another person caused as a result of his or her negligence, the attorneys at Englander Peebles can help you to pursue the compensation that you deserve. We know how to navigate the challenging liability issues and insurance issues that these cases often present. To learn more, contact us today and allow us to review your case in a free consultation.

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